Franz (Frank) Johnston
Sun Tipped, 1919
initialled F.H.J. lower left
titled and signed Frank Johnston to verso
Peter Ohler Fine Arts Ltd, Vancouver;
Private collection, Calgary
Frank Johnston’s early works are best categorized as Impressionism, they have more in common with works of that genre than with the Group of Seven, which he would help to found in 1920. In 1919, when Sun Tipped was painted, Johnston was concerned with the beauty of the natural world, it’s light, its atmospheric effects, and its lyric appeal.
Sun Tipped shows us Johnston’s keen observation of nature, his delicate and expressive brushwork, and his skill in composition. The work was executed in Algoma, just as fall begins to touch the forest, and would have been painted on the second of the famous boxcar trips, organized by Lawren Harris from 1918 – 1922. The first trip (to Canyon and the region of the Agawa River, along a siding at Mile 129) was such a success, that in September of 1919 a repeat of the expedition was arranged, and Johnston, Harris, J.E.H. MacDonald, and A.Y. Jackson (who replaced Dr. James MacCallum after the first trip)return to the same area.
It was on these boxcar trips that the seeds of the future Group of Seven were sown, and where the artist who would form it revelled in the landscape. “It was a paradise for the creative adventurer in paint in the Canadian North.” Harris would later note, “a rugged, wild land packed with an amazing variety of subjects.” Sun Tipped speaks to the moment that marks the change of seasons, when green moves into yellow in the deciduous trees of Canada’s boreal forest, and to the moment when Impressionism leads to The Group, a remarkable time in Canadian art history.